The mission of Brother Martin High School is to form young people through a holistic education that fosters academic excellence in a caring, disciplined community which integrates Catholic tradition and the charism of the Brothers of the Sacred Heart to meet the needs of a changing world.
The curriculum of the Science Department has been designed in view of the school’s policy of providing a strong foundation of education suitable to the student’s present needs, interests and future development. To that end, the science faculty has prepared a program of study and laboratory work that will instill in each student basic scientific knowledge. Earth Science, Chemistry, Biology II, Chemistry II and Physics are elective courses and may be scheduled only with the permission of a student’s science teacher or the Science Department Chairperson.
This course is a survey of the fundamental principles of physics and chemistry, the metric system, the scientific method, descriptive chemistry, force, motion, heat, light, electrical energy, organic chemistry, and the periodic table. Physical science serves to prepare students for future work in biology, chemistry, and physics.
Physical Science Honors
This course is taken by students whose academic record and science background indicate the ability to work at an advanced level. The course covers the same topics as physical science with enrichment activities and additional laboratory work to prepare students for future work in advanced science courses.
This course utilizes traditional classroom techniques to study living organisms from the simplest to the most complex. The objective of the course is to bring the student to a clearer understanding of the significance of life and the balance of nature via the study of the interrelationship of living things and their environmental adaptations.
This course is taken by those students whose academic record and science background indicate the ability to work at an advanced level. The course covers the same topics as biology and includes enrichment activities and additional laboratory work on certain topics.
Biology II Honors
This course is an elective course for the serious science student. The course will provide detailed studies of topics such as genetics, microbiology, botany, ecology, biochemistry, and comparative anatomy. For seniors who take Biology II, concurrent enrollment in Physics is required. (This course will be offered if a sufficient number of students request it. Class size may be limited.)
Biology II Honors AP
The revised AP® Biology course shifts from a traditional “content coverage” model of instruction to one that focuses on enduring, conceptual understandings and the content that supports them. This approach will enable students to spend less time on factual recall and more time on inquiry-based learning of essential concepts, and will help them develop the reasoning skills necessary to engage in the science practices. Topics included in this course include: the process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life; biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce, and to maintain dynamic homeostasis; living systems store, retrieve, transmit, and respond to information essential to life processes ; biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions possess complex properties. Students must have a credit in Biology Honors. Students will be expected to take the AP® Exam in the spring.
This course is a survey of the principles of earth science. Content includes the processes that have changed the earth throughout its history: plate tectonics and volcanic activity as well as mineralogy, oceanography, astronomy, and meteorology. Course work includes technology-based lessons, lab work, as well as traditional classroom instruction. (This course will be offered if a sufficient number of students request it. Class size may be limited.)
This course is a basic course in general inorganic chemistry. Major topics include atomic structure, periodicity of elements, chemical reactions, molecular interactions, and the nature of matter.
Prerequisites: Algebra I and Geometry
This course is taken by those students whose academic record and science background indicate the ability to work at an advanced level. The course covers the same topics as chemistry and includes additional material and laboratory work.
Prerequisites: Algebra I and Geometry
Chemistry Honors AP
Students should attain a depth of understanding of fundamentals and a reasonable competence in dealing with chemical problems. The course should contribute to the development of the students’s abilities to think clearly and to express their ideas, orally and in writing, This course is a combination of classroom lecture, laboratory investigation, and outside classroom work by the student. Topics include structure of matter, states of matter, and reactions, and the math calculations that accompany each major topic. Students must have a credit in Chemistry Honors. Students will be expected to take the AP® Exam in the spring.
Chemistry II Honors AP
This course is an elective course for the serious science student. The course will provide detailed studies of topics such as electrochemistry, thermo chemistry, and chemical equilibrium. Laboratory experience will be an integral part of the course. (This course will be offered if a sufficient number of students request it. Class size may be limited.)
This half-year elective course introduces students to concepts and ethical responsibilities of crime scene investigation. The course provides basic knowledge of proper crime scene procedures and evidence processing including proper collection, documentation, and preservation of biological and non-biological evidence. Investigative report writing, pre-trial procedures, courtroom testimony and qualification of expert witnesses will be presented. (This course will be offered if a sufficient number of students request it. Class size may be limited.)
This course offered to freshmen will examine environmental topics and the role that man plays in the environment. The students will be introduced to concepts involving population studies, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, and the lithosphere. In addition, students will study mineral and energy resources and how these topics will impact our future. The course is designed to build on concepts previously learned in Physical Science. Integrated through the curriculum will be case studies of significant environmental events. These case studies will be discussed in class, and students will learn how to assess these events and make predictions about the future consequences for the environment as a result of these events. Students will also be introduced to laboratory procedures including soil, water, and air sampling. Laboratory instruction will also include graphing, collecting, organizing, and analyzing data.
This course is a course with content that is similar to that of Physics Honors. The mathematical focus is confined to geometric arguments, scale drawing, algebra, and limited trigonometry. Seniors who have at least a C average in Algebra II and earned at least a C in all science courses will be enrolled in this course. All Students applying for enrollment in Physics will be reviewed by the Guidance Department and/or Science Department Chairperson. Prerequisite: Chemistry
This course is a survey of major topics in classical and modern physics: mechanics; heat; wave motion; light; electromagnetism; kinetic, atomic and nuclear theories. Course work involves laboratory exercises as well as regular classroom instruction.
Prerequisite: Chemistry Honors
Physics Honors AP 1
This course is the first in a 2-course Physics AP® program. Students, without exception, must register for Physics Honors AP® 2 in their Senior year. The course enables students to develop a deep understanding of the content and focus on applying that knowledge through inquiry-based labs. The course covers Newtonian mechanics (including rotational dynamics and angular momentum); work, energy and power; mechanical waves; and sound. It also introduces electric circuits. Students must have a credit in Chemistry Honors. Students will be expected to take the AP® Exam in the spring.
Physics Honors AP 2
This course is the second in a 2-course Physics AP® program. The course enables students to develop deep understanding of the content and focus on applying that knowledge through inquiry-based labs. The course covers fluid mechanics; thermodynamics; electricity and magnetism; optics; and atomic and nuclear physics. Student must have a credit in Physics Honors AP® 1. Students will be expected to take the AP® Exam in the spring.
Physics of Technology I
This course is half-year elective course is an introduction to engineering that addresses topics relevant to those students interested in pursuing a career in engineering. This survey includes the study of the typical engineering curricula and addresses topics such as basic engineering math, introduction to problem solving techniques, engineering ethics, communication skills, and engineering study techniques. An overview of the respective disciplines of engineering is included in the course. Concurrent enrollment in Physics is required. (This course will be offered if a sufficient number of students request it. Class size may be limited.)
Prerequisites: Algebra II and Chemistry
Mr. Peter Valiente ’79, M.Ed, Department Chair
Mr. James N. Bridgman
Mr. August C. Caboni, M.Ed.
Mr. Brad Duplechain, B.S.
Mr. Glen Fallon, M.Ed.
Mr. Justin Franks, M.Ed.
Succeed in Physical Science
This is an online textbook for those who need extra help in Physical Science.
This is an online tutorial/dictionary.
High School Chemistry Resources
This site contains numerous links to Chemistry related topics.
The Physics Classroom
This is an online classroom with physics lessons, multimedia resources, and quizes to test your knowledge and understanding.
Research Team (click to open)